theGardenPages:  Toyon or California Christmas Berry leaf logo

Care and Growth of Toyon
or California Christmas Holly Berry

toyon shrubs in californiaThis is Toyon, California Christmas Berry or Christmas Holly or Heteromeles arbutifolia.  These beautiful shrubs are prized for their bright red berries and deep green leaves. 

This is a fantabulous alternative to Holly if you need something drought-tolerant for your garden AND a little something for the birds and the bees too. 

These shrubs grows to about 25 feet tall and almost as wide.  Toyons make good screens for dry gardens, but you can also trim them into multi-trunked trees or standards. 

They have white flowers which are attractive to bees, but the show stopper comes just in time for Yule when the bright red berries ripen against the green leaves.

Toyon is native to the California coast down to Baja and into the Sierra Nevada foothills.  They do well in USDA Zone or Sunset Zones 5-9, 14-24.

At one point California Holly was a very, very popular table decoration and so many were cut and dug up, a law was passed to stop people from picking them in the wild. 

Some of the species native to the Channel Islands are endangered or threatened.  Many of our local California Native Plant nurseries have safely propagated endangered plants in stock, so you can brighten up your winter garden and help save a species.

toyon shrubs in californiaHowever, you should also be aware that Heteromeles arbutifolia has been identified by the USDA as a host plant for Sudden Oak Death.  I would not plant it near oaks and would read the USDA sheet for more info.

Toyon is known by the US Forest Service to be resistant to fire mortality.  Meaning it seems to survive brush fires well, and will resprout all over the plant after a fire.  Read more at our pals at the USDA Forest Service:

Toyon berries have been eaten by the local Chumash,  Tongva and Tataviam  Native Americans either cooked, mashed and mixed with water as a beverage or dried and baked into pancakes.  A tea from the leaves was also used as a stomach remedy.

This row of Toyon is in the Sepulveda Dam Basin along Woodley.  Our thanks to the designers of this lovely arrangement.  It makes a beautiful California greeting.

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